Mnemonic techniques are ways to memorize phrases, ideas, or other information using specific patterns, like rhymes, keywords, pictures, etc. Mnemonics give meaning to what we try to remember and memorize by connecting and associating it with a meaningful pattern. These techniques can help you learn your study material effectively for both the short and long term.
I discuss 5 main Mnemonic techniques that you can use to memorize your study material effectively for the exam. I also discuss how to utilize these Mnemonic techniques effectively.
5 Mnemonic Techniques for Studying
There are 5 main mnemonic techniques discussed in this article, including memory palace, imagery, keywords, rhymes, acronyms, music, and chaining. All 5 mnemonic techniques are described below:
Memory palace is an ancient mnemonic technique in which you connect each concept or piece of information to an object in a familiar place. For instance, a familiar place could be your house, and you want to remember a list of shopping items, i.e., eggs, apples, toothpaste, etc.
Associate eggs with the refrigerator, apples with the kitchen counter, toothpaste with the bathroom sink, etc. Take the house tour mentally when you want to recall the list.
Imagery is one of the frequently used mnemonic techniques. It includes connecting a concept or piece of information you want to remember with a clear image of a familiar thing. This connection can be based on similarities, differences, or strangeness between 2 things. The clear image allows you to recall the piece of information effectively. For instance, you meet a guy named “Leo” and associate his name and picture with the clear image of a lion.
Keywords are another most-used mnemonic technique to remember new things effectively. In this technique, you associate a new concept or piece of information with a similar-sounding word. This technique is very effective in learning new languages. For instance, you learn a new Spanish word, “gato”, which means a cat. Associate “gato” with a cate sitting on a gate, and you will easily remember and recall the meaning of “gato.”
Rhyming is a catchy mnemonic technique to remember a list of things easily. Rhymes usually stick to our minds and help us to recall the associated things. For instance, the rhyme “In fourteen hundred and ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue” helps in remembering the year in which year Columbus discovered America. The “ocean blue” connects with the year “1492” and allows us to recall the year easily.
Acronyms is a mnemonic technique in which you take the initial letter of each thing you want to remember and create a meaningful word. The meaningful word formed from the initial letters should be familiar to you. For instance, you want to remember the list of great lakes: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior. The acronym formed using initial letters is “HOMES”.
How to use mnemonic techniques
To use the mnemonic techniques effectively for memorizing information, consider the following tips:
- Choose the mnemonic technique that suits you and your situation. For instance, if you are learning a new language, choose the keyword technique.
- Practice memorizing things and information using the mnemonic technique you chose over several days. Stick to one mnemonic technique and master it.
Considering the benefits of joining a study group can offer students collaborative learning experiences, diverse perspectives, and mutual support, enhancing comprehension and retention of course material.
There are many mnemonic techniques for studying, including keywords, rhyming, acronyms, etc. Mnemonic techniques associate new information with familiar things or objects and make recalling the information easier. It can be used to remember new information for both short and long term.